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Screening of Cystic Echinococcosis and Toxocariasis in Urmia Municipal Workers, Northwest Iran

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Negar Asadi, Khosrow Hazrati Tappeh, Iraj Mohebbi, Elham Yousefi and Shahram Khademvatan*   Pages 227 - 235 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Echinococcus granulosus and Toxocara spp., the causative agents of hydatid cyst and toxocariasis in humans and animals, are zoonotic infections with medical and veterinary significance respectively.

Aim: Herein, we aimed to investigate the seroprevalence of toxocariasis and cystic echinococcosis in Urmia municipal workers (gardeners and sweepers) in 2018 using ELISA assay.

Objective: There is no precise report on the seroprevalence of toxocariasis and cystic echinococcosis in Urmia municipal workers using ELISA assay. Therefore, this study found an opportunity to investigate this subject.

Methods: A total of 220 blood samples were obtained from municipal workers with an average age of 41.31 ± 9.42. Commercial anti-Toxocara canis and hydatid cyst ELISA kits were used to assess the seroprevalence rates.

Results: Approximately, 14.5% and 2.3% of individuals were seropositive for toxocariasis and hydatidosis, respectively. Consuming unboiled milk and/or raw/uncooked meat and rural conditions are risk factors for toxocariasis. Regarding hydatidosis, consuming unwashed vegetables was the only statistically significant risk factor. Toxocara infection (p = 0.01), but not hydatid cyst (p = 0.05), is more prevalent among sweepers than municipal gardeners.

Conclusion: Due to the occupational condition of municipal workers, they are exposed to many infectious agents; thus, more researches should be done on these populations.

Keywords:

Cystic echinococcosis, toxocariasis, municipal, workers, Elisa, Serology, IgG.

Affiliation:

Cellular and Molecular Research Center & Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Cellular and Molecular Research Center & Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Social Determinants of Health Center, Occupational Medicine Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Cellular and Molecular Research Center & Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia



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