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Phenotypic and Molecular Screening of Nasal S. aureus from Adult Hospitalized Patients for Methicillin- and Vancomycin-resistance

Author(s):

Mohammad Al-Tamimi*, Nisreen Himsawi, Jumana Abu-Raideh, Ashraf I Khasawneh, Deaa Abu jazar, Hussam Al-jawaldeh and Hasan Hawamdeh   Pages 1 - 10 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Introduction: Nasal carriers of Staphylococcus aureus are common and play an important role in transmission of infections. The aim of this study is phenotypic and molecular investigation of nasal methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus in hospitalized patients.

Methodology: 202 nasal swabs were collected from patients at Prince Hamzah Hospital, Jordan, through 2016-2017. Swabs were processed according to standard microbiological procedures to isolate Staphylococci. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed using disk diffusion, E-test, microdilution and Vitek 2. Methicillin resistance was confirmed by testing for the mecA gene, while vancomycin resistance was screened by testing for the vanA and vanB genes.

Results: The mean age of participants was 50.17±18.18 years and 59.4% were females. Nasal Staphylococci was isolated in 64/202 (31.7%), S. aureus was isolated from 33 samples (16.3%), MRSA was isolated from 13 samples (6.4%) and constitutive Macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B (MLSB) was isolated from 12 samples (5.9%). All MRSA isolates harbored the mecA gene. All isolates were sensitive to vancomycin using E-test and the microdilution test and were negative for the vanA and vanB genes. The highest resistance rate was observed for benzylpenicillin (>90%) while the lowest resistance rate was for tobramycin (<5%) among all isolates. Nasal Staphylococci, S. aureus and MRSA colonization significantly correlate with increased number of family members and previous hospitalization (P<0.05), while nasal S. aureus significantly correlates with a history of skin infection (P=0.003).

Conclusions: Nasal colonization by mecA-mediated MRSA is common among hospitalized patients, while vanA- and vanB-mediated vancomycin resistance was not detected in any nasal isolates.

Keywords:

S. Aureus, Methicillin, Vancomycin, Meca, Vana, Vanb

Affiliation:

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Hashemite University, Zarqa



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