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Tuberculosis and Diabetes Mellitus in Northwest of Iran

Author(s):

Mahdi Asghari Ozma, Jalil Rashedi*, Behroz Mahdavi Poor, Ali Vegari, Vahid Asgharzadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Abdolhassan Kazemi, Leyla Sahebi and Mohammad Asgharzadeh   Pages 1 - 5 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Background: Planning for control of tuberculosis would need to screen and identify individuals susceptible to TB. Due to the weakness of immune system in diabetic patients, it is more likely for them to reactivate of latent TB infection. Regarding to the increasing number of diabetics in the community, it has been making an effort in this study to estimate the frequency of individuals which have tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus (TB-DM) simultaneously, so that it could help making preventive decisions to reduce TB in this part of Iran.

Materials and Methods: In this study, 329 cases of confirmed TB patients were divided into two groups of diabetic and non-diabetic, then demographic information and clinical variables have been compared between the two groups.

Results: Among examined subjects, 47 patients (14.29 %) had suffered from diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis. All of DM patients had pulmonary tuberculosis and 87.23% of them were over age 50.

Conclusion: Majority of DM-TB patients were over 50 years of age and also more than half of them were women. So it seems that for DM women over age 50, to detect tuberculosis, screening tests such as PPD may be necessary.

Keywords:

Tuberculosis, diabetes mellitus, association, Iran

Affiliation:

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Faculty of Paramedicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Department of Laboratory Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Biotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Paramedicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz



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