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Incidence and Risk Factors of Brucellosis in Kermanshah Province, Iran During 2010-2014

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Jalil Rajabi, Ramin Hamidi-Farahani, Feizollah Mansouri and Saeed Soleiman-Meigooni*   Pages 203 - 207 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Introduction: Incidence of brucellosis was growing up in Iran during the past years. Kermanshah province-west of Iran is one of the endemic regions of the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of brucellosis in Kermanshah province during a recent five-year period.

Methods: This study was an observational cross-sectional study performed on registries of the patients with brucellosis at the center for the zoonotic disease of Kermanshah University of medical sciences during 2010-2014. The data was collected using a questionnaire containing demographic data and the risk factor of brucellosis. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS-22 software using descriptive statistic, Chi-square, and student t-test.

Results: The five-years mean incidence of brucellosis in our study was 46.5 in one hundred thousand, and male to female ratio was 1.37/1. The most common risk factors of brucellosis in our patients were unpasteurized dairy products’ consumption (47%) and occupational contact with livestock (14.4%). 84% of the patients were rural. The most common diagnostic method was the standard agglutination test within 1/160 and 1/320 titers.

Conclusion: Risk factors of brucellosis in our study were like other studies, but in more than onethird of the patients, no risk factor was identified. Lack of livestock vaccination history and incomplete registered data about other possible transmission routes of transmission were the limitations of the study.

Keywords:

Brucellosis, risk factor, incidence, Iran, dairy products, vaccination.

Affiliation:

Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

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