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Immunization of Mothers of Children with Cerebral Palsy in Rural Bangladesh

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Arifuzzaman Khan*, Fahim Ashher, Tasneem Karim, Aneeka Fatema, Israt Jahan, Mohammad Muhit, Aditi Dey, Frank Beard and Gulam Khandaker   Pages 303 - 308 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Vaccination is one of the most effective public health tools for the prevention of infectious diseases, morbidity and disability. Little is known about the rate of maternal immunization among mothers of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), as well as any possible role of maternal immunization in development of CP in the newborns.

Objective: To determine the socio-demographic characteristics and self-reported vaccination status of mothers of children with CP and compare vaccination coverage in this cohort with national data on immunization. The study also aims to assess the vaccination status of children with CP.

Methods: A subset of the Bangladesh CP Register (BCPR) cohort of women who had children with CP were recruited during April 2017 from a community based early intervention and rehabilitation program going on in Shahjadpur. Socio-demographic characteristics and maternal immunization status were assessed using a semi-structured questionnaire. The vaccination status of the children was also assessed by interviewing mother and observing the BCG marks. All data were compared with the corresponding information among general population using national vaccination coverage survey reports of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh.

Result: Sixty-eight mothers were interviewed of which 17.6% of mothers reported not receiving any vaccine during pregnancy. Tetanus vaccine was most commonly (82.0%) received during pregnancy. Overall coverage for at least two doses of tetanus toxoid (TT) among mothers of children with CP was significantly lower than the national tetanus coverage (79.4% versus 96.4%, p<0.01). Forty-two (61.7%) mothers with a child with CP reported having not received tetanus vaccine during their pregnancy compared to only twenty (29.4%) mothers with healthy children reported missing tetanus vaccination during their pregnancy. This difference was statistically significant (p<0.01). Hepatitis B and influenza vaccine were received by mothers of children with CP during the antenatal period (2 and 6 respectively).

Conclusion: Immunization among mothers of children with CP is significantly poorer than the national coverage. Also, the immunization of the children with CP is poorer than the national EPI coverage. Our findings reflect the necessity for specific strategies to improve the vaccination coverage among mothers of children with disabilities especially CP and the children with CP.

Keywords:

Maternal immunization, maternal infection, cerebral palsy, disability, Bangladesh, low and middle-income country (LMIC), tetanus vaccine.

Affiliation:

Asian Institute of Disability and Development (AIDD), University of South Asia, Dhaka, Asian Institute of Disability and Development (AIDD), University of South Asia, Dhaka, Asian Institute of Disability and Development (AIDD), University of South Asia, Dhaka, University of Sydney, Sydney, Asian Institute of Disability and Development (AIDD), University of South Asia, Dhaka, Asian Institute of Disability and Development (AIDD), University of South Asia, Dhaka, University of Sydney, Sydney, University of Sydney, Sydney, Asian Institute of Disability and Development (AIDD), University of South Asia, Dhaka



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