Santi M. Mandal*, Subhanil Chakraborty, Santanu Sahoo, Smritikona Pyne, Samaresh Ghosh and Ranadhir Chakraborty Pages 69 - 75 ( 7 )
Background: The need for suitable antibacterial agents effective against Multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacteria is acknowledged globally. The present study was designed to evaluate the possible antibacterial potential of an extracted compound from edible flowers of Moringa oleifera.Methods: Five different solvents were used for preparing dried flower extracts. The most effective extract was subjected to fractionation and further isolation of the active compound with the highest antibacterial effect was obtained using TLC, Column Chromatography and reverse phase- HPLC. Approaches were made for characterization of the isolated compound using FTIR, NMR and Mass spectrometry. Antibacterial activity was evaluated according to the CLSI guidelines. Results: One fraction of aqueous acetic acid extract of M. oleifera flower was found highly effective and more potent than conventional antibiotics of different classes against Multi-drug resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB) when compared. The phytochemical analysis of the isolated compound revealed the presence of hydrogen-bonded amine and hydroxyl groups attributable to unsaturated amides. Conclusion: The present study provided data indicating a potential for use of the flowers extract of M. oleifera in the fight against infections caused by lethal MDR-GNB. Recommendations: Aqueous acetic acid flower extract of M. oleifera is effective, in-vitro, against Gram-negative bacilli. This finding may open a scope in pharmaceutics for the development of new classes of antibiotics.
Moringa oleifera, multi-drug resistant gram-negative bacilli (MDR-GNB), antibacterial activity, natural antibiotic, flower extracts, chromatography.
Central Research Facility, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, Omics Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Central Research Facility, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, Central Research Facility, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, Bankura Sammilani College, Kenduadihi, Bankura – 722102, West Bengal, Omics Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal